Right to Know & Blood Borne Pathogens
Please read and understand the follow information concerning chemical hazards and blood borne pathogen safety. When you are finished you must complete the training by submitting answers to our online quiz. The information you submit will only be accessible by the program administrator in the Health & Safety office at the Jefferson-Lewis BOCES and your school's training administrator.What is the Hazard Communication Standard and the Right-To-Know Law and why are they important?
Right To Know
First, the Hazard Communication Standard CFR 1910.1200 is a Federal O.S.H.A. standard that
provides employees with access to information on chemical hazards and
provides that employers provide training to minimize employee exposure
to potentially hazardous chemicals and injury from these chemicals.
Under the federal standard the employer must:
Second, the Right To Know law is a New York State Law that also protects workers from potentially hazardous chemicals in the workplace.
Under the New York State law the employer must:
Your Responsibilities - As an Employee...
It is Also Your Responsibility to...
*Right-To-Know regulations are enforced by the NYS DOL (New York State - Department of Labor) Public Employee Safety & Health (PESH) unit.
Physical & Health Hazards
There are six main chemical hazard areas
Flammables & Combustibles - Gasoline, spray cans, paper products
Acute Exposure - Effects after the exposure occur immediately (minutes or hours)
Chronic Exposure - Effects from the exposure may take years or longer to appear
Routes of Chemical Exposure
Chemicals can get into your body in four different ways.
Absorption - This exposure from a chemical is when it seeps through your skin and causes a reaction of some kind.
Ingestion - This exposure to a chemical can be from drinking it.
Inhalation - The chemical gets into your lungs by breathing the chemical in as a gas or a vapor.
Injection - The chemical gets into your system by force like a needle or stepping on a nail.
Labels and Material Safety Data Sheets
The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard requires that ALL hazardous materials be labeled, identifying the material and warning employees of the potential hazards.
Many chemical products have the NFPA Diamond on its label.
NFPA Diamond = Four Hazard Classes
Health = Blue
Flammability = Red
Reactivity = Yellow
Special Hazards = White
*There are numbers inside of these diamonds (1,2,3,4).
*Remember - The greater the number, the higher the hazard.
*Check with your facility if you are unaware or unsure of where your MSDS’s are located.
schools are enrolled in the MSDS Online program. This program allows
anyone who needs an MSDS sheet for a chemical to get one by fax. They
can be reached 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. It is
recommended that you should have information about the chemical before
you call. This information can include: Product Name & Number,
Manufacturer Name, Manufacturer Phone Number, and UPC Code.
End of RTK
Blood Borne Pathogens
What is the Blood Borne Standard and why is it important?
The Blood Borne Standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) is an O.S.H.A. federal law that requires employer must:
Blood Borne Pathogens are pathogenic micro-organisms that can be present in human blood and can cause disease in humans.
Facts about Viruses and Bacteria
Its estimated that 1 out of 20 people in the US are infected with some type of Hepatitis and do not realize it.
There are various types of Hepatitis (Hepatitis A - G).
This training covers Hepatitis A - C.
Symptoms of Hepatitis
includes - Vaccination, Hand washing, 10:1 bleach solution on
contaminated surfaces, or minimize exposure with PPE & proper food
Hepatitis B - Is one of the most infectious blood borne pathogen known. It causes liver inflammation and can lead to conditions like cirrhosis and liver cancer.
It is transmitted
by blood transfusions and organ donations before 1992, being born to an
infected mother, intravenous drug use and sexual contact.
Vaccine - None available. Medical prescriptions can include Interferon Alpha and Ribvirin.
*80% of people have no symptoms for Hepatitis C and if the person does exhibit symptoms, it feels like the flu.
HIV - Human Immune Deficiency Virus / AIDS - (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus) – An infection that progresses in stages and leads to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The AIDS virus attacks the body’s immune system and ultimately causes death.
It is transmitted by contaminated blood, blood-to-blood or blood-to-mucus membrane contact, contaminated needles, and sexual contact. Infected blood used in transfusions or infected organs donated before March 1985.
There is No Cure for this virus, but medications can slow the progress of it.
*It is important to remember that symptoms can develop from 2-15 years after initial infection.
Work practice controls to keep you safe from Blood Borne Pathogens
Proper Hand-Washing Techniques:
Ways to Control the Spread of Disease
Wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Always wear gloves to address open wounds, to clean blood and/or other bodily fluids.
gloves to make sure that there are no holes or rips before using them.
If you find that the gloves are defective, throw them away.
If you become Exposed to Blood or Body Fluids :
End of BBP
Click Here to take the required Right To Know / Blood Borne Pathogens quiz.